Click to launch book reader: here

Annette Thackwell Johnson, "'Rag Heads' - A Picture of America's East Indians" (1922)

An October 28, 1922 report from New York-based The Independent by Annette Thackwell Johnson on an encounter with Sikhs in California. Johnson had traveled to India before, and describes her surprise upon hearing rumors of "East Indian women disguised as men, working in the Californian rice fields and vineyards." She travels to Fresno, California and narrates a meeting she has with a Punjabi-Mexican family. Includes three photographs of various sites from Punjab.

Early Immigration

Date: October 28, 1922
Source: The Independent
Creator: Annette Thackwell Johnson

Item History: 2011-07-17 (created); 2014-01-02 (modified)

* This digital object may not be sold or redistributed, copied or distributed as a photograph, electronic file, or any other media without express written consent from the copyright holder and the South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA). The user is responsible for all issues of copyright. If you are the rightful copyright holder of this item and its use online constitutes an infringement of your copyright, please contact us by email at to discuss its removal from the archive.